Is sushi difficult to make? Not really. Once you get the hang of it it's quite easy.
Basic stuff for making sushi:
- A sushi rolling kit. You can get these for less than $5. They include a wooden rice-spreading paddle and a bamboo rolling mat. It's the mat you really need.
- Rice molds. You can find these in Asian grocery stores. These are wonderful for those who feel lazy and don't want to get out the rolling mat just to make some blocks of rice to stick stuff on top of. You just turn the molds over, fill them up, pack the rice down, then push the bottom in. Turn rightside-up and whack it on the counter, and you have perfectly-shaped rice blocks! I prefer the ones that look like miniature ice cube trays, as
they make the best-sized blocks. I have some with cute shapes, but the blocks they make are too big for my taste.
- Nori. This is the dried seaweedy stuff that is rolled inside or outside the sushi. It comes in sheets. I buy the toasted stuff. The only untoasted nori I ever bought tasted terrible. This is not only used in sushi, by the way. You can use it as a topping elsewhere, for example on okonomiyaki.
- Stuff to put inside or on sushi. My basic repertoire includes shrimp, either large or cocktail sized; smoked salmon, cucumber, avocado,
fake crab, kampyo, salmon roe, tuna & mayonnaise,
shiitake mushrooms, cream cheese, sesame seeds, furikake (rice seasoning), and egg. Use your imagination!
- A sharp knife. Not a serrated steak knife; those will tear up the rolls when you cut them. Get a good, nonserrated, sharp knife.
- Rice. Duh.
How to use the rolling mat:
First, get some plastic wrap and cover the mat. It's inauthentic, but it keeps the mat clean. You don't want to clean sticky rice out of a bamboo mat, trust me. Lay the mat so that you can curl it towards yourself and not to the side. Then lay a strip of nori across the wrap, leaving a little space at the ends so the nori stops before the plastic wrap does on both sides. Spread the rice as thinly as you can on the nori using the rice paddle, dipping the paddle periodically in water to keep the rice from sticking
to it and becoming unmanageable. (If rice sticks to your hands when you
make onigiri, you can use the same trick.) Leave the bottom 1/2" of nori rice-free. From there put the fillings you want in a line down the center, and then roll the mat starting from the edge furthest away from you, spiraling it toward yourself, avoiding rolling the plastic wrap up as you do. This can be tricky at first, but you'll get the hang of it. With some water on your fingers, moisten the inner side of the nori flap that didn't get covered with rice, then stick it to the roll. This should give you a long, thin sushi log. Wrap the plastic around it as if you were going to put it in your refrigerator, tuck the ends under
the log so the rice doesn't come out the sides, wrap it in the mat, and squeeze it to pack the rice.
Squeeze the log into an oval, triangle, square, or whatever, if you're in that kind of mood,
but don't squeeze it too hard or you'll crush the grains.
You can cut the log right through the plastic wrap. Use a very sharp, nonserrated knife, and wet the blade every few cuts to keep the rice from sticking to it.
To vary this, you can turn the whole thing over after you spread the rice on the nori, and put the fillings on the nori rather than the rice. When you roll it up the nori will be on the inside instead of the outside. Or you can leave the nori out entirely, but it can be difficult to spread the rice neatly enough, and rolls made this way have an annoying habit of falling apart.
Another fun variation involves using rice
paper, AKA spring roll wrapper, instead of nori.
First, soak the rice paper, one sheet
at a time, in a pan of warm water big enough to hold the whole
thing. (I use a large skillet.) Push each sheet
the surface of the water and let it soak undisturbed
for about 2 minutes, until pliable. These things are very
fragile, and the edges will almost certainly develop small
tears, but if you're careful you should be able to lift
it out without those going too deep. Place it flat on
a paper towel, put another towel on top, and gently
press the excess water out. Then transfer it to some
plastic wrap on top of a bamboo rolling mat and spread
the rice on it as if it was a rectangular sheet of nori,
leaving the round edges blank so you'll have an evenly-shaped
roll. Then put the fillings in as you would a regular
roll, then roll it up, being careful not to tear it.
How to make sushi
Note: the amounts listed are based on 1 cup (before
cooking) of rice. If you cook more or less rice, or
you like the flavor stronger or weaker, adjust
the amounts as appropriate.
Another note: It's not required to make this sushi
rice for sushi. I often use plain old regular sticky
rice without these seasonings. Do whichever suits your
Cook the rice according to the instructions on the
package. When it's done, take it off the heat and let
it sit covered for 10 minutes. Mix the rice vinegar,
sugar, and salt well. Put the rice in a large bowl and
add the mixture, then mix it gently using a wet sushi
paddle or wooden spoon. Use a fluffing motion
rather than a stirring one to avoid crushing the grains.
If you fan it while it cools after mixing, the rice
will be glossy.